Wednesday, August 3, 2011

ORARI History

ORARI History

In 1925, Prof.Dr.Ir. Komans-Netherland and Dr.Ir. De Groot-Batavia, managed to perform radio communication by using a relay station in Malabar. This incident was followed by the founding of Batavia and Nirom Radio Vereniging. In 1930 during the reign of the Dutch East Indies (Netherlands Indies) amateur radio in Indonesia have formed an organization calling itself NIVERA (Nederland Indische Vereniging Radio Amateur) which is the first amateur radio organization in Indonesia with PTT-member employees and technicians.Establishment of this organization authorized by the Dutch Government. In the period between the years 1933 till 1943, a member of the bumiputera NIVERA PK2MN establish Solosche Radio Vereniging followed by other members of the bumiputera NIVERA by founding such organizations as MARVO, CIRVO, VORO, VORL and others. IN 1937, was born Persatoean engagement Radio Ketimoeran (PPRK).

Also listed several names pioneer amateur radio activities in Indonesia include:
Rubin Cain, with the last callsign YB1KW, was first licensed in 1932, and died (silent key) in 1981. 
B. Zulkarnaen, with the last callsign YBØAU, was first licensed in 1933, and died in 1984.
During the Japanese occupation, not a lot of amateur radio activity records that can be assembled.This activity is prohibited by the Japanese colonial government but many of them are doing activities in the underground in effort to support the struggle for Indonesian independence.
In 1945 recorded a radio amateur, Gunawan-YBØBD, which emit Indonesia's independence proclamation text by using revolutionary radio transmitter device that is simple and is homemade. The service is very much appreciated the Government of Indonesia while YBØBD owned radio equipment that is invaluable for the history of Indonesia's independence struggle and now stored at the National Museum of Indonesia.

At the end of 1945 there was an organization calling itself the Prai (Persatoean Amateur Radio Indonesia). And in the period 1945 till 1949 many of the young radio amateurs who make their own radio transceiver device used to communicate between Java island and Sumatra P. which the Government of the Republic of Indonesia is located. Between 1945 and 1950, radio amateurs as well as many plays as the Radio Warriors.
At the end of December 1949, when the handover of sovereignty from the Dutch Government to the United States of Indonesia, all activities are stopped and disbanded. In the period 1952 till 1950, Indonesia established PARI amateur radio (Radio Amateur Association of Indonesia). But in 1952, because looking at the situation on the ground water is not possible, then the Government of Indonesia issued a regulation that in addition to government-owned radio stations banned the station on the air and for violating the sanctions imposed subversive. Amateur radio activities had to be frozen during the period between the years 1952-1965. Freezing is strengthened by Act No.5 of 1964 which imposed sanctions against those who have a radio transmitter without the permission of the authorized parties. But in 1966, amateur radio enthusiasts to start airing again can not be dammed again.

In 1966, exactly on February 14 to February 26, 1966, Ampera radio broadcasts that are the means of struggle-unity Unity of Action in the struggle of the new order. There were also various radio stations and army Ampera other radio stations that perform communication and broadcast. The radio stations are calling themselves as amateur radio.

In the period 1966-1967, in various regions formed organizations such as amateur radio: PARD (Djakarta Amateur Radio Association), PARB (Association of Amateur Radio Bandung), PARJ (Association of Amateur Radio Jogjakarta).
Especially with regard to the development of amateur radio organization in the DIY (Yogyakarta) may be noted here that in 1966 formed PRAJOGJA (Jogjakarta Amateur Radio Association) whose members tend to hold a broadcast service. Logged name Bambang Gods Good-YB2KX are more engaged in the field of broadcast has started its activities since 1961 when founded PRAJOGJA chaired. On July 14, 1967 was established PARI (Amateur Radio Association of Indonesia) chaired Aris Munandar-PK2JA. On August 19, 1967 formed PARJ (Association of Amateur Radio Jogjakarta) chaired by Aris Munandar, which is the incorporation effort PRAJOGJA with PARI. Dated February 10, 1968 meetings were held amateur radio se Jateng / DIY in Hyderabad as a result formed Prai (Radio Amateur Association of Indonesia).
In 1967, Chairman of the Board of Telecommunications of the Republic of Indonesia, Dr. Rubiono Kertopati, amateur radio call Indonesia to get input to formulate a Government Regulation (PP) on the amateur radio activities in Indonesia. On December 30, 1967 issued Government Regulation No.21 of 1967 on Radio amateurism in Indonesia (State Gazette No.35 of 1967, Explanation in the State Gazette No.2843 of 1967).

Dated July 9, 1968, stand ORARI (Organization of Amateur Radio Republic of Indonesia) are technical and administrative implementation carried out in accordance with the Decree DETELRI (RI Telecommunications Council) No.004/1968. On that date also AD / ART ORARI endorsed by DETELRI. The next date of July 9, 1968 declared as the Day and Day of birth ORARI amateur radio Indonesia. ORARI Center chaired by Vice Marshal (Air Vice Marshal) Suwondo-YBØAT. On June 8 and July 9, 1975, Congress implemented ORARI II in Jakarta, and on Wednesday, July 9, 1975 Congress passed the AD / ART with a name change ORARI (Indonesian Amateur Radio Organisation). AD / ART was ratified by Decree No.020/KPTS/DETEL/RA/1979 DETELRI April 21, 1979.

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